Thursday, August 27, 2020

Controversies on School Uniform Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Discussions on School Uniform - Article Example The expenses of the in vogue garments and the related clashes, made most schools and guardians to unsettle for school outfits. However, this issue has kept on raising debates where a few understudies and their folks guarantee that it is a type of infringementâ relating to the main corrected rights. They guarantee that, the wearing of outfits smothered their feeling of uniqueness. Understudies that were ordinarily usedâ to having an expansive selection of outfits were presently limited toâ keeping their clothing straightforward. I will in general accept that, kids have different manners by which they can undoubtedly communicate their emotions. This should be possible by utilizing the individual characteristics (Catalanello).  In most schools, the choice to acquaint garbs rose due with the rising concern dependent on pack hues where little youngsters began wearing garments that were considered very hot for the seven or eight graders. The presentation of regalia along these li nes, has gone far in eliminatingâ the social concerns and the different interruptions that influences youngsters in their scholastics. Despite the fact that the acquaintance of regalia came about with much discussion to the two guardians and youngsters, decrease in group exercises, sexual assaults and savage activity among kids have been seen (Angelfire).  After the presentation of garbs in school, there are no more morning disarrays. This was accounted for by the guardians whose youngsters go to schools with unform rules. Other than nearly few whines that are circulated on the discussions concerning school regalia, which respect to costs.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Gatsby and his mask Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Gatsby and his veil - Essay Example We might not have any desire to let it out yet we are distinctive somehow on occasion. We could be the dutiful and dedicated child or little girl to our folks, the clever or gutsy individual with our companions, or the mindful and understanding individual in a sentimental relationship. James Gatz acknowledged after frantically losing his most noteworthy love to somebody wealthy with a prominent family that he should have been another person, somebody other than himself. He needed to be acknowledged by Daisy Fay and to be paid attention to as somebody qualified to be her significant other. Somebody better than whom he genuinely is for the sake of the acclaimed (or rather notorious) Jay Gatsby. It had been fundamental for him to put on a cover and carry on a substitute reality just to have the option to move in indistinguishable circles from her. These endeavors are all in the plot to pick up Daisy’s consideration as he became focused to the possibility of a real existence he sh ould live with her. Scratch was a pawn in the entirety of the games that he played and their first broad individual discussion uncovered the defects in the falsehoods that Gatsby has weaved to persuade individuals regarding his fortune. He had been apparently reliable in his accounts however Nick had been a decent appointed authority of character in thinking about things while taking other factors into consideration and identifying with the peruser that Gatsby was in no way, shape or form an extraordinary man yet there is in every case more to his accounts and reality uncovers itself practically against climactically at long last. Their gathering that morning in July uncovered more to Gatsby and how the crowd begins to see him as a character. There had been a lot of tattles and suppositions with regards to who the man who tossed excessive gatherings is and concerning where he originated from. In this scene Gatsby himself appear to unveil progressively about himself. Be that as it ma y, much the same as Nick the peruser needs to figure out the real story and fathom the setting in like manner. The vehicle left before Nick’s entryway and he hopped directly in, much like the elevated expectation the peruser has into needing to find out about this man so as to get him. Reeling forward and not caring whatever comes next inasmuch as the conundrum some way or another uncovers himself more. Gatsby begins the discussion too fittingly by soliciting â€Å"What’s your supposition from me, anyhow?† (Fitzgerald 70). This means the persona’s incredible respect for what individuals consider him. He is mindful so as to frame a discernment in people’s brains of what his identity is and he needs them to respect him in high regard. This inquiry subsequently took Nick for a serious amazement however it didn't totally shake him as he realized that Gatsby should likewise know about the thoughts gliding around about him. At that point Gatsby proceeded to tell about his past. That he was the child of a well off family from the Midwest, San Francisco to be definite and that his whole family had kicked the bucket as of now. This drove him to an excursion in various pieces of the world and afterward off to war where he guaranteed he planned to bite the dust. These accounts total with embellishments by they way he recounts to his accounts and complete with proof through articles, for example, an award of valor and a photo from Oxford with his counterparts. Scratch took this all with some feeling of uncertainty acknowledging what Jordan previously saw as tricks. â€Å"He rushed the expression ‘educated at Oxford,’ or gulped it or gagged on it as if it had pestered him previously. Furthermore, with this uncertainty his entire articulation self-destructed and I thought about whether there wasn’t something a little evil about him after all† (on the same page). The examination in the language structure and the s ound of Gatsby gives a more profound comprehension on what Nick had set up at an early stage in his portrayal, that he is a decent appointed authority of character by not bluntly finishing up on their characters and attempting to comprehend what they are used to. This is something which is nearly

Friday, August 21, 2020

US Bishops Speak Out Against CFPB Payday Plan - OppLoans

US Bishops Speak Out Against CFPB Payday Plan - OppLoans US Bishops Speak Out Against CFPB Payday PlanInside Subprime: April 5, 2019By Jessica EastoCatholic Charities USA and the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, along with a “broad and diverse coalition of Christian churches and organizations,” have signed a letter criticizing the Consumer Financial Protection Bureaus proposal to roll back provisions of a rule designed to protect consumers from high-cost payday loans  and  title loans.These Catholic organizations join a growing number of consumer advocacy groups who have spoken out about the proposed changes to the “small dollar lending rule” and criticized its potential impact on low-income Americans, those most likely to borrow such loans.The Obama-era rule was announced in October 2017 and would (1) require lenders to verify that customers were financially able to pay off their loans within the terms of the loan and (2) limit the number of times lenders could try to withdraw funds directly from borrowers’ accounts .The rule, however, was never enacted. Now the CFPB plans to nix the first provision from the rule and delay the second until 2020. An anonymous CFPB official told journalists that the decision was based on “a concern that there is not enough evidence showing that payday lending is unfair and abusive enough to necessitate the rule.”US bishops, who wrote that the original rule “offered some hope for relief from the debt traps that have devastated” many of their members, do not agree.“The rule as finalized seeks to protect vulnerable individuals and families in time of financial crisis from debt traps designed around their inability?as opposed to ability?to repay their loan,” the letter reads. “A strong rule must not only have strong upfront underwriting requirements, but effective back-end protections against repeated flipping of the loans as well.”Predatory loans often have annual percentage rates (APRs) of 400 percent or more, and their terms allow for compounding f ees. These loans tend to be marketed toward people who do not qualify for traditional loan products due to bad credit and who urgently need the small-dollar loans to make ends meet. This often leads to a situation in which the borrower cannot repay the loan and so accumulates debt that is difficult to escape.“This sanctioning of usurious loans not only contradicts our own faith traditions, but also contradicts the CFPB’s own reasoning laid out in its rule,” the letter states.For more information on scams, predatory lenders and  payday  loans, see our  city and state financial guides  including states and cities like California, the District of Columbia, Florida,  Illinois, South Carolina,  Texas and more.Visit  OppLoans  on  YouTube  |  Facebook  |  Twitter  |  LinkedIn

Monday, May 25, 2020

Nikee. Apple. Covergirl. Weight Watchers. Why Do All These

Nikee. Apple. Covergirl. Weight Watchers. Why do all these seemingly unrelated names sound familiar? That answer is simple: advertising. Advertising, a prodigious business, is a way to market a product or service to the public consumer through TV, internet, billboards, and other outlets. However, this over exposure to unnecessary and unwanted propaganda brings about personal struggles, since ads scream about the absolute desire for self impeccability while simultaneously destroying the spirits of those who listen. This industry’s image of â€Å"normalcy† often alters one’s self image. Although many see the benefits of consumer marketing, the industry’s depiction of idealized perfection reveals that manipulating people through advertisements†¦show more content†¦In addition, advertising feeds from mob mentality, convincing people a product will change their lives by deeming it fashionable or sophisticated. It bypasses logical thinking to take contr ol of how people view themselves and their â€Å"need for esteem. People want and need to be respected and we need to feel good about ourselves. And this is where much advertising lives, often because we are selling products that people really do not need. L’Oreal’s ‘Because you’re worth it’ is the perfect example† (Madigan 83). For this reason, expectations of a person are manipulated to fit the wants of the industry to sell products. These people are affected since they feel as if they have no choice in what to wear, how their body should appear to others, and which brands they buy. It all comes down to the need to be apart of something bigger, instead of sticking out from the crowd. EXAMPLE Society’s deeply ingrained standards for women created by the media demonstrate the corruption of self image as seen through ads from the 1950s that feed off of insecurities. History demonstrates the obsession with perfection by showing how women were viewed before and after advertising influence, â€Å"Men wouldn t look at me when I was skinny†¦ Since I’ve gained 10 pounds, I have all the dates I want† (Lewis). Ads such as this swayed women from the 1950s to 1960s to physically appear in a

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Understanding Scaled Scores on Standardized Tests

Scaled scores are a type of exam score. They are commonly used by testing companies that administer high stakes exams, such as admissions, certification and licensure exams. Scaled scores are also used for K-12 Common Core testing and other exams that assess student skills and evaluate learning progress. Raw Scores vs. Scaled Scores The first step to understanding scaled scores is to learn how they differ from raw scores. A raw score represents the number of exam questions you answer correctly. For example, if an exam has 100 questions, and you get 80 of them correct, your raw score is 80. Your percent-correct score, which is a type of raw score, is 80%, and your grade is a B-. A scaled score is a raw score that has been adjusted and converted to a standardized scale. If your raw score is 80 (because you got 80 out of 100 questions correct), that score is adjusted and converted into a scaled score. Raw scores can be converted linearly or nonlinearly. Scaled Score Example The ACT is an example of an exam that uses linear transformation to convert raw scores to scaled scores. The following conversation chart shows how raw scores from each section of the ACT are transformed into scaled scores.   Raw Score English Raw Score Math Raw Score Reading Raw Score Science Scaled Score 75 60 40 40 36 72-74 58-59 39 39 35 71 57 38 38 34 70 55-56 37 37 33 68-69 54 35-36 - 32 67 52-53 34 36 31 66 50-51 33 35 30 65 48-49 32 34 29 63-64 45-47 31 33 28 62 43-44 30 32 27 60-61 40-42 29 30-31 26 58-59 38-39 28 28-29 25 56-57 36-37 27 26-27 24 53-55 34-35 25-26 24-25 23 51-52 32-33 24 22-23 22 48-50 30-31 22-23 21 21 45-47 29 21 19-20 20 43-44 27-28 19-20 17-18 19 41-42 24-26 18 16 18 39-40 21-23 17 14-15 17 36-38 17-20 15-16 13 16 32-35 13-16 14 12 15 29-31 11-12 12-13 11 14 27-28 8-10 11 10 13 25-26 7 9-10 9 12 23-24 5-6 8 8 11 20-22 4 6-7 7 10 18-19 - - 5-6 9 15-17 3 5 - 8 12-14 - 4 4 7 10-11 2 3 3 6 8-9 - - 2 5 6-7 1 2 - 4 4-5 - - 1 3 2-3 - 1 - 2 0-1 0 0 0 1 Source: The Equating Process The scaling process creates a base scale that serves as a reference for another process known as equating. The equating process is necessary to account for differences between multiple versions of the same test. Although test makers try to keep the difficulty level of a test the same from one version to the next, differences are inevitable. Equating allows the test maker to statistically adjust scores so that the average performance on version one of the test is equal to average performance on version two of the test, version three of the test and so on. After undergoing both scaling and equating, scaled scores should be interchangeable and easily comparable no matter which version of the test was taken.   Equating Example Lets look at an example to see how the equating process can impact scaled scores on standardized tests.  Imagine that say you and a friend are taking the SAT. You will both be taking the exam at the same test center, but you will be taking the test in January, and your friend will be taking the test in February. You have different testing dates, and there is no guarantee that you will both take the same version of the SAT. You may see one form of the test, while your friend sees another. Although both tests have similar content, the questions are not exactly the same. After taking the SAT, you and your friend get together and compare your results. You both got a raw score of 50 on the math section, but your scaled score is 710 and your friends scaled score is 700. Your pal wonders what happened since both of you got the same number of questions correct. But the explanation is pretty simple; you each took a different version of the test, and your version was more difficult than his. To get the same scaled score on the SAT, he would have needed to answer more questions correctly than you. Test makers that use an equating process use a different formula to create a unique scale for each version of the exam. This means that there is no one raw-to-scale-score conversion chart that can be used for every version of the exam. That is why, in our previous example, a raw score of 50 was converted into 710 on one day and 700 on another day. Keep this in mind as you are taking practice tests and using conversion charts to transform your raw score into a scaled score. Purpose of Scaled Scores Raw scores are definitely easier to calculate than scaled scores. But testing companies want to make sure that test scores can be fairly and accurately compared even if test takers take different versions, or forms, of the test on different dates. Scaled scores allow for accurate comparisons and ensure that people who took a more difficult test are not penalized, and people who took a less difficult test are not given an unfair advantage.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Gender Objectification Of Women, Emotional Literacy And...

Analysis of Gender: Objectification of Women, Emotional Literacy and Gender Roles Introduction Gender in American society is a hot topic right now on many levels. The spotlight on how women have been portrayed in our culture now shines on the negative messages being taken to heart and embodied by our women. These are the very same images and messages being taken in by our men, to the continued detriment of our women. As a nation we have seen the blossoming of the darker, destructive aspects of masculinity, with the very people elected to run our country leading the charge, reducing many of our national ideals to their lowest common denominator instead of exemplifying a more enlightened ideology for our future. Society had just†¦show more content†¦Women are portrayed as objects, something to be owned, used and thrown away, with their primary value based on the sexual gratification of men (Wright Tokunaga, 2016). Women in American society are expected to conform to the stand ards of beauty outlined in advertising, even though those images are unnatural and enhanced through Photoshop. Social media shows videos of how the photo of a real model, with all her natural beauty and flaws, is manipulated; the flaws erased, eyes unrealistically enlarged, thighs reduced and cellulite smoothed away. The direct effect of objectification on women in our society has already been linked to an increase in eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia. The images of women in advertising are role models real women can never live up to, and these unrealistic ideals have become the standard by which men measure women. Watson, Marszalek, Dispenza and Davids (2015) conducted a study on the effect of objectification on African American and White women in an attempt to compare/contrast the experiences of objectification on women, concentrating on two extremes of the racial dynamic in our society. The results of the research showed the increase in anxiety, depression and psycho logical distress, including fear of assault/rape, reported by the women included in the study in response to the continual sexual harassment these women experienced. It also noted that African American women experienced these effects at a much higherShow MoreRelated Gender Roles in the Media Essay3973 Words   |  16 Pageswrapped in a pink or blue blanket, a childs gender is unmistakable. From this point on, they will continuously be bombarded with the socialization into their gender by many sources. One of the main sources of this socialization is media, more specifically television. The purpose of this paper is to describe gender roles and stereotypes, and to take a closer look at how the medias representation and portrayal of males and females affects children. Gender differences are the sets of attributesRead MoreEssay about Dehumanization of Humanity1341 Words   |  6 Pages While most slaves experienced the dehumanization that slavery thrust upon them, every slave experienced it in a unique and individual fashion. For Fredrick Douglass the dehumanization occurred in a physical fashion, whereas Harriet Jacobs’s objectification was through mental oppression. Fredrick Douglass always was a slave since the day he was born. While his entrapment began in a somewhat mild way with basic chores and tasks being assigned to him, he had the responsibilities of manhood thrustRead MoreImpact of Print Media on Society10439 Words   |  42 PagesTHE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE DOVE EVOLUTION FILM AS A ONE-SHOT MEDIA LITERACY TREATMENT by DANIEL AARON WHEELER A.A. Alabama Christian College 1979 B.A. Western Illinois University 1989 M.A. University of Alabama 1994 A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Education in the Department of Educational Studies in the College of Education at the University of Central Florida Orlando, Florida Spring Term 2009 Major Professors: Cynthia J. HutchinsonRead MoreMass Medi A Positive Side And A Negative Side3367 Words   |  14 Pageschildhood educational intervention (cited in references).† These positive outcomes include learning about the world which includes health and safety, social reasoning and attitudes, and also cognitive literacy and numeracy. â€Å"The significant, positive effects of cognitive, learning, and socio-emotional outcomes observed in the current meta-analysis represent real educational benefits for the millions of preschool-age children around the world who visit ‘Sesame Street’ via their televisions,† says Mares

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Vulnerabilities Their Defensive Mechanism †Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Vulnerabilities Their Defensive Mechanism? Answer: Introduction STP Limited is an organization that is based out of Wollongong and has its head office in the same city. The organization manufactures cabinets and is expanding to the other regions as well. The sales and revenue are going good for the organization and as a result, it recently bought office premises in Bathurst and Lithgow. They have also set up a new office in Sydney. The company is currently located in four locations and has warehouse machines and other equipment installed in these locations. Project Background There are new networking and communication technologies that are being used by STP Limited to enhance its connectivity and integration capabilities. Every office of the company is equipped with a modem and a switch and the Internet connection is made active with the aid of ADSL. The members of the staff are allowed to Bring their Own Devices at work which is also known as the BYOD scheme. The wireless connections are also made enable by the organization. The enhanced network connections will allow the employees to be connected with each other at any hour of the day. It will aid in the resolution of the problems and conflicts in a timely manner and will make it possible to experience enhanced efficiency and productivity of the employees. The customers will also be able to contact the organization in case of any query or complaint. There will be enhanced help and assistance services provided which will make it easy to increase the levels of customer trust and engagement (Cisco, 2008). Project Scope The scope of the project will include the design, development and deployment of the measures so that the enhanced networking mediums are implemented. Privacy is one of the essential properties that are required to be maintained in association with the information and networks. The efforts will also be implemented to make sure that the privacy of the information and the communication networks is not disturbed or violated. Project Goals Ability to make sure that all the office locations and units of STP Limited are integrated with each other as a single unit. Ability to ensure that the security of the networks and the information channels is maintained along with the assurance of privacy (Pareek, 2011). Ability to make sure that enhanced revenues and customer engagement is earned with the improved networking and communication medium. Strategic Alignment of the Project Alignment Perspective Description Strategic Execution Project goals are in line with organizational goals. The design, development and deployment of the networking, security, privacy and integration measures will be done to achieve the goals. Technological Potential The wireless connections and networking equipment that have been set up are compatible with the organizational systems and applications. The integration and security solutions that are proposed are feasible on the basis of technical feasibility study. Competitive Potential Network security and privacy is a much in demand trend in the market. Enhancement of the quality of service Service Level A networking strategy has been designed and determined by the Project Manager so that the organization goals are met. Resources have been allocated to the project tasks and activities at the operational and managerial levels. Network Security There are various issues that must be addressed from the point of view of network security. It must be made sure that there are enough human resources in the department of local IT as the support staff. It would be necessary to understand the significance of remote management of the security controls and mechanisms. The device configuration that is set up shall be allowed to be accessed with the means of HTTP, HTTPS, Telnet, SSL and likewise. In a nutshell, the security solutions that are set up at the branch office must target the needs and requirements of the office sizes and these shall also be easy to deploy and economical in nature. Secure routing, WAN connections etc. shall also be included. This will eliminate the requirement of installing separate networking devices and equipment. Another condition that must be considered is the changing landscape of the security threats and attacks. There may be some extremely severe implications of these attacks and threats. For instance, in the year 2003, Slammer worm infected 90% of the susceptible hosts in 10 minutes with the doubling rate of 8.5 seconds. There are signature based countermeasures that are being implemented in the organizations which cannot be updated at such a short period of time (Canavan, 2001). Supplementing of the reactive countermeasures will be required that may have the ability to prevent the uncertainties and security attacks that are not predicted earlier. The use of network focussed defence mechanisms shall also be used for preventing the security attacks associated with application layer and services. Ideal Branch-Office Security Solution It shall provide a fast and safe VPN connection based on the site-to-site connectivity. A direct and secure access to the internet shall be provided. This would be significant in the avoidance of unknown Internet traffic re-directed through any of the regional headquarters location. Improved security services and solutions shall be provided for the internal services and network connections (Alabady, 2009). It shall be easy to use and shall also be cost-effective in nature. Securing data Virtual Private Networks: The establishment of IPSec VPNs will be a prime necessity for the branch security solutions and services. The use of secure encryption algorithms, such as tripe DES and AES shall be used with key exchange and user authentication protocols (Joshi and Karkade, 2015). NAT traversal and Microsoft VPN clients shall also be made available for the maintenance of security. Firewall: Firewall is one of the most significant measures for the security of the data. The effectiveness of firewalls can be realized only by the mode of application of the same, for instance, the implementation of firewall at the network layer only will not be able to prevent the security risks associated with the application layer. Attack Protection: There is certain amount of traffic that passes through even with the set up of the firewalls. It also does not identify certain types of security risks and attacks. Intrusion detection and prevention is a technology that comes in the picture to identify and prevent the entry of the bad elements. There are anomaly based, signature based, network based and behaviour based intrusion detection and prevention systems that have been developed for preventing many of the denial of service, flooding and integrity attacks (Strebe, 2004). Advanced Content Filtering: There are many of the anti-malware packages that are present such as, anti-viruses, anti-spyware etc. these are completely reactive in nature but have the capability to control the file based attacks and many of the known threats and attacks. There is Web/URL filtering measure that may focus on the outbound traffic and prevent the access to the web sites that are not safe (Soriano, 2011). Segmentation Security Domains: Internal security at the branch office may be improved with the aid of this measure. It makes sure that the associated appliances have the capabilities such as multiple LAN interfaces along with VLAN connections. A unique security policy is enforced on the basis of the users and the computing resources. Mobile device security Mobile devices have become a crucial part of the IT infrastructure of a small business. However, it also presents certain risks to the company that is not always identified at the time of first implementation. Mobile devices give flexibility and mobility but are also faced with issues like limitations of the hardware and security concerns rising from downloading of un-trusted content. A security strategy shall be developed and implemented to ensure the safety and security of the mobile devices. There are also unknown devices that may be connected to the office network with the use of BYOD technology. Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) attacks Currently there are many staff at the company that are connecting wirelessly with a mobile device such as a laptop. The risk of such an environment is significant as the asset that holds the most value is very attractive to those who wish to steal or damage vital information. Capturing wireless data is one of the most common enterprise attacks external of the enterprise while rogue access points and evil twin access point are internalized. WLAN attacks can be overcome by proper configuration of devices and employee training programs. BYOD risks Currently, the staff of STP Ltd can connect to the organizations wireless network through their personal devices. This option has less financial constraints which is convenient for the company but at the same time, it is also exposed to greater risks. The confidential information of the company can get exposed because of user actions. Malicious software can also attack the device or the network affecting the security baseline of the organization. Thus, for the use of personal devices, minimum security requirements must be defined and the employees must be trained on the aspects of data protection and security. There are some essential tools that may be used for further enhancing the mobile device security. Fingerprinting: It is a mechanism that enhances and inspects the characteristics that are associated with the mobile devices to understand the device properties. It may highlight the unsafe devices and their presence in the networks (Souppaya, 2013). Network Access Controls: It is commonly abbreviated as NAC and is a measure that may be used for advanced device management by the organizations. An in-depth analysis of the device is done under NAC to highlight the presence of any intruders associated with the device, anti-virus and anti-span packages and so on. Authentication: This is the security solution that comes after the fingerprinting and NAC. It authenticates the users on the basis of the WLAN standards such as 1x standard. The combination of the three controls will provide the organizations with the required set of security controls and network management (Sujithra and Padmavathi, 2012). Plan for Hardware Purchases Procurement strategy is an important area of operations of an organization as it keeps the operations going on. Purchase planning is vital for a company. Research can be used for aligning purchase processes with organizational strategy. This can improve financial and operational performance of the business. Hardware purchases would put some financial burdens to the organization and thus, contingency plans are required to be developed for ensuring that business operations remain continued. Acquisition of new hardware Purchase of new hardware cannot be avoided as it can result from causes like loss, failure, or damage to the devices. As the Gympie store is located in an area which is flood prone and thus, it can be a concern for the company. STP limited has deferred the procurement risks by insuring its business assets. However, for preparing to deal with circumstances, certain documents and assets such as asset register, budget forecasts, emergency plans, policies, procedures, reviews and strategies can be created and maintained. End user feedback and reviews A review from employees as users of the hardware system can help identify concerns around outdated or overloaded application. It can also be known if the user is downloading or running certain applications on the devices causing load to the system unnecessarily. Reviews can be scheduled for evaluation of the hardware performed such that the management can take more informed decisions about procurement. The review would help management identify current issues as well as potential risks that can be faced in future. Purchasing strategies The management must make sure that the company has enough funds for the hardware purchase which needs a careful, cash flow planning. Small organizations like the current one is more likely to have close coordination between employees and thus, strategic alignment would be better. If the organization needs to take the advantages of purchasing hardware at low price, suppliers have to be identified appropriately and the business needs have to be understood through exploration of the business requirements. Asset register There are many equipment necessary for installation and testing purposes. Some of the necessary hardware may include the following: Computer Systems: These may be required for accessing the tools and applications for the purpose of installation and testing. Servers: There are web and file servers that may be required for accessing various information sets along with the database servers as well. Peripheral Equipment: Networking equipment such as switches, bridges, routers, hubs, gateways would be required for establishing and maintaining network connections. Simulators and Emulators: It would not be possible to carry out testing activities on all the devices and these tools will come into the picture for gaining a virtual experience and testing purposes. Diagnostic Equipment: The troubleshooting and diagnostic processes will be carried out for network management and security using this equipment. Communication Devices: These will be necessary for the sharing of information and data. Business continuity If the company makes use of cloud based applications then the need for creating backup on the local devices is eliminated. However, the data that gets exchanged over the POS and other non-cloud applications is also the companys responsibility. Thus, an offsite backup of the store has t be created such that data can be retrieved in case the site is damaged so that the business can be continued without interruptions. A cloud based system can be used for creating this backup which would ensure that most valuable assets are well protected from any losses. Multi-general backups can be created by administrators who would be responsible for the management of the departmental servers. Physical security The internal and external environment of the organization affects its physical security. The organizations physical infrastructure could be located in a place that is prone to security risks such as network failures, power outages, road blocks, and floods. Thus, disaster recovery planning is essential such that staff can be made prepared to deal with such situations and ensure that business operations continuity is still maintained. In case of insider threats, it is the responsibility of the administrator to ensure that the systems remain secure and protected from insider threats. Succession planning There can be situations when an important employee or the owner of the organization is unable to work because of unforeseen situations such as injuries from accidents. The company must remain prepared to deal with such situations. Planning must include the details of the roles and the process for appointment of the other people who can take over the work in such circumstances. The strengths and weaknesses may be assessed and development opportunities may be identified through monitoring, support and evaluation. Risk Responsibilities The responsibility of dealing with the risks shall be distributed to all of the stakeholders. The risk responsibility shall be allocated for each of the risk that is identified. The mapping of the stakeholder must be done on the basis of the type and category of the risk (Berg, 2010). Risk Assessment The assessment of the risk shall be done on the basis of its impact and likelihood along with the various factors that may be associated with the risks. The risk ranking shall be applied and assigned to every risk. Risk Response A response strategy shall be defined for every risk that is identified and assessed. The response may include different treatment strategies and measures. There are various methods that may be applied for the risks, such as, avoidance, acceptance, transfer and mitigation (Crane, 2013). Risk Mitigation It shall include the activities for the control of the risk along with the contingency plan associated with the same. The risk mitigation strategies as identified in the risk response process shall be applied and implemented for every risk (Dcu, 2015). Tracking and Reporting The risk mitigation strategy shall be applied and the same shall be tracked and reported by the Project Manager. There shall also be a weekly report that must be prepared to keep a track of the same and the senior management must carry out monitoring and control activities (Debono, 2016). Security Policy A security policy can be used for protecting the assets of an organization as well as for providing a baseline for the user conducts in a workplace. It can act as a tool that creates awareness in the people and help in building a culture that is supportive for the organization in terms of security. The objective of defining an information security policy is to ensure that the ABC Company is able to keep its business continued in any situation of damage by any incident and the impact of such damages is minimized. The security policy is approved by a CEO or MD. The security policy ensures that: Information is protected from unauthorized personnels Confidentiality of the data is maintained Integrity of the information is maintained Information availability is ensured at all times Regulatory or legislative compliance needs are managed Business continuity plans are developed, tested and maintained Security related training is given to all employees Security breaches are reported to security managers An acceptable use policy must be created with acceptable usage terms for system and networking equipments. Acceptable use policy Outlines acceptable and unacceptable use while accessing systems and networking equipment. An Antivirus policy must be developed containing details of procedures used for minimizing dangers of virus attacks in computers. A Data policy can be developed for outlining of the process for storage of data, its retention and disposal which would be helpful as mobile devices are most susceptive to data theft. An Email policy would be used for identifying how email services may be used and how much of the information can be shared with the third party An Ethics policy can capture the details of openness of culture, integrity issues, trust factors, ethical practices and impacts on unethical behaviour. Password management: Identification of the minimum requirements for creation and management of passwords. Privacy policy: It can be used to tell how data can be used by the organization maintaining the privacy of users or others who are associated with the organization. Security-related HR policy: This policy takes care of new hires and also includes policies and procedures used for termination. This is useful for management of privileges. This policy relates to newly hired employee orientation and also termination policies and procedures. This is especially important for privilege management. VPN security policy: It highlights the necessary actions that are required to be completed for gaining access to the virtual private network remotely. Wireless communication policy: This policy outlines the standards to be used for wireless systems for connecting to the network of the organization Managers have to be thoroughly investigated. Policies must support the procedures like virus control, password protection and business continuity planning Business needs for information and system availability would be met The policy must be maintained and supported by the Information Security Manager The responsibility of implementation of polices and ensuring that all employees follow the compliance procedure is with all the managers. Everyone working in the organization must comply with the Information Security Policy Training and awareness It is recommended that all the staff members are trained on security aspects such that they are able to deal with security challenges posed by web presence. Training can also foster a compliance program by pushing employees to use certain practices that can ensure that security threats are minimized. Integration technology If the information systems are integrated to provide real time reporting, it can give the company more capabilities than the case of Software as a Service model of adoption. Integration between applications is something like the web pages mashups in which external sources can be combined on the platform as a service (PaaS). For instance, is an example of the PaaS system which provides capabilities to build applications to independent software developers or vendors. SalesForce is one such application which is already used by the company. Conclusions Brach offices along with the personnel working in the offices are critical assets for the organization at the strategic level. It is essential to make sure that the security of these branch offices is ensured by developing and implementing the measures for security the data and mobile devices. There is an enhanced network management that must be carried out for securing the information and for maintaining the business continuity. Recommendations Third party testing process should be used and implemented WLAN access logs should be compared so that risks and attacks associated with the unknown devices are uncovered Determination of the usage of the app usage associated with the network tools Use and implementation of an identify-centric security model for the purpose of mobility Evaluation of the level of infrastructure integration: The set of applications, cloud services and devices that is available and visible in an unified manner. The identification of the set of appliances that are old and make use of obsolete technology. Estimation of the people hours that may be saved from the IT staff for using a wired or a wireless network. Mobile population of the company: The number of employees that tele-commute an d the mediums that they use The number of employees that are present in this field VPN capabilities that are associated with the same WLAN usage and the population of the devices: The number of the inventory device types that are used The number of form factors along with the operating systems that are used Site survey for the determination of the current usage of geographies and hotspots WLAN capacity that will be required along with the factors that contribute in the growth of tablet and the usage of Smartphones Evaluation of the VoIP and related latency sensitive applications that may assist in the development or building of the WLAN requirements and applications. Evaluation of the 802.11ac. If the use of 802.11ac the costs and architecture associated with it will be required to be developed. Other recommendations Recommendation 1: Implement procedures and policies for supporting the business continuity through consideration of the security aspects such as data protection in business strategy development. Recommendation 2: The use of LAN and mobile devices must be limited till additional protection measures are taken that can be used for covering the mobile device access points. Recommendation 3: An asset register may be maintained for supporting business continuity through the use of risk management processes. Recommendation 4: A cloud based backup system can be created as an offsite solution such that the data remains safer and more reliable without the need of having physical backups. Recommendation 5: Key employee roles that can replace other important employees critical for work must be identified in the succession planning to take over. 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